Tag: EGFR

Afatinib is an Irreversible and Orally Active EGFR Family Inhibitor

Lung cancer continues to be the leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Members of the ERBB receptor tyrosine kinase family include EGFR, HER2, HER3, and HER4. They present an attractive option for targeted therapy in patients with NSCLC, due to observed patterns of oncogenic mutation of EGFR and HER2. In addition, esophageal...

EMI56 is a Superior Mutant EGFR Inhibitor

Receptor Tyrosine Kinases (RTKs) play critical roles in embryogenesis, normal physiology, and several diseases. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane protein with cytoplasmic kinase activity that transduces important growth factor signaling from the extracellular milieu to the cell. Furthermore, EGFR common double mutations include 19Del, L858R, and...

Mavelertinib is a Selective and Irreversible EGFR TKI

Mutant EGFRs are one of the major drivers of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). While reversible first-generation EGFR inhibitors are initially an effective treatment. However, a drug-resistant gatekeeper T790M mutation accounts for ∼50% of disease progression in patients with first-generation agents. Irreversible second-generation EGFR inhibitors are more potent against the...

AG-494 is a Potent and Selective EGFR Inhibitor

Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR), is the prototype of the EGFR family that also includes ErbB2/HER2/Neu, ErbB3/HER3, and ErbB4/HER4. EGFR is commonly upregulated in cancers such as in non-small-cell lung cancer, metastatic colorectal cancer, glioblastoma, head and neck cancer, pancreatic cancer, and breast cancer. Various mechanisms mediate the upregulation...

JCN037 is a Non-Covalent and Brain-Penetrant EGFR Inhibitor

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane protein that is a receptor for members of the EGF family of extracellular protein ligands. In many cancer types, mutations affecting EGFR expression or activity could result in cancer. Specifically, EGFR gene changes occurred in nearly 60% of glioblastoma tumors....

PD-089828 is an Inhibitor of FGFR-1, PDGFR-β, EGFR and c-Src Tyrosine Kinase

Protein tyrosine kinases comprise a group of enzymes. They catalyze the phosphorylation of certain proteins on specific tyrosine residues. The growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases are a subfamily. The kinases are activated on the high-affinity binding of growth factors to their cognate receptors. Members of this subfamily include PDGFR...

PD-161570 is an Inhibitor of FGF-1R, PDGFR, EGFR and c-Src Tyrosine Kinases

Fibroblast growth factors (FGF) are a family of cell-signaling proteins, which are involved in many processes, especially as the key factor of normal development. In addition, the FGFR family consists of a group of four homologous receptor tyrosine kinases. Besides, FGF1 was a member of a family of FGF...