Tag: EGFR

Lapatinib is a Potent Inhibitor of the ErbB-2 and EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Domains

Growth factors and their transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase play important roles in cell proliferation, survival, migration, and differentiation. Additionally, Epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like proteins stimulates cells to divide by activating members of the EGF receptor (EGFR) family. Many types of human tumor cells growth and development are related to the...

Avitinib is an Irreversible, Mutant-Selective EGFR Inhibitor

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) belongs to the ErbB family (also known as the EGFR family) of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK). EGFR family comprises four distinct receptors: the EGFR (ErbB1, HER1), ErbB-2 (HER2, neu in rodents), ErbB-3 (HER3) and ErbB-4 (HER4). It is worth mentioning that EGFR family...

Almonertinib is an Orally Active and Irreversible EGFR Inhibitor

Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. Its lethality ranks the first among many malignant tumors. In addition, the overexpression of the human ATP-binding cassette (ABC) drug transporter ABCB1 (P-gp) or ABCG2 (BCRP) in cancer cells often contributes significantly to the development of...

Nimotuzumab is a Humanized IgG1 Monoclonal Antibody Targeting EGFR

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane protein. The dimerization of EGFR stimulates the activity of intracellular protein tyrosine kinase. Therefore, several tyrosine (y) residues in the C-terminal domain of EGFR undergo autophosphorylation. These include y992, y1045, y1068, y1148, and y1173, as shown in the adjacent chart....

DP-C-4 is a CRBN-Based dual PROTAC for EGFR and PARP

Proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC) is a bifunctional small molecule. Interestingly, dual PROPACs are dual-targeted degradation molecules that combine the concepts of PROTAC and dual-targeting. Dual PROPACs degrade two completely different pathway targets while simultaneously taking advantage of both PROTAC and dual-target drugs. Thus, dual PROPACs not only achieve the...

Rociletinib (CO-1686) is an Orally Active EGFR-Mutant Inhibitor

NSCLC accounts for almost 85% of all lung cancers. Additionally, lung cancer continues to be the most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are key drivers of NSCLC malignancy. Patients with the most common EGFR mutations (L858R mutation in exon...

Olafertinib is a Third-Generation EGFR TKI

Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is any type of epithelial lung cancer other than small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). NSCLC patients with activating EGFR mutations initially respond to first-generation EGFR inhibitors. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane glycoprotein with an extracellular epidermal growth factor binding domain and an intracellular...