Category: Leukemia

Abexinostat is an Orally Available Pan-HDAC Inhibitor

HDAC (Histone deacetylases) are a class of enzymes that remove acetyl groups from an ε-N-acetyl lysine amino acid on a histone. To date, There are 18 human HDACs. Besides, HDACs include four classes on the basis of their homology with yeast proteins. Class I HDACs (HDAC1, 2, 3, and...

BNS-22 is a DNA Topoisomerase II Catalytic Inhibitor

Topoisomerases (DNA topoisomerases) are enzymes that catalyze changes in the topological state of DNA, regulating the overwinding or underwinding of DNA. Topoisomerases play essential roles in DNA replication, transcription, chromosome segregation, and recombination. The winding problem of DNA arises due to the intertwined nature of its double-helical structure. All...

Seliciclib (Roscovitine) is an Orally Active and Selective CDKs Inhibitor

Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are serine/threonine kinases whose activity depends on a regulatory subunit-a cyclin. Based on the sequence of the kinase domain, CDKs belong to the CMGC group of kinases, along with MAPKs, Gsk3β, DYRK family and CDK-like kinases. There are around 20 Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK1-20) known till date....

Chelerythrine is a Potent Protein kinase C Inhibitor

Chelerythrine is a natural benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloid. It extracts from a number of plant species, such as Chelidonium majus, Macleaya cordata, Sanguinaria canadensis, etc. This compound exerts a wide spectrum of biological activities, including anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, anti-fungus, as well as a protective effect against the ethanol-induced gastric ulcer and the...

HM43239 is an Orally Active and Selective FLT3 Inhibitor

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common acute leukemia in adults, with an incidence of over 20 000 cases per year in the United States alone. Large chromosomal translocations, as well as mutations in the genes involved in hematopoietic proliferation and differentiation, result in the accumulation of poorly...

Tirabrutinib is a Selective BTK Inhibitor

The BTK kinases comprise 5 structural domains, including pleckstrin homology, TEC homology, Src homology, Src homology, and kinase domains. The activation of BTK kinase depends on recruitment to the plasma membrane via the pleckstrin homology domain. In humans, BTK mutations result in arrested B-cell development. Besides, it leads to...

ABT-737 is a Selective and BH3 Mimetic Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Bcl-w Inhibitor

Bcl-2 protein family is a key regulator of apoptosis and a marker of B-cell lymphoma. Importantly, apoptosis is an important physiological process of selective cell clearance, involving a variety of biological events. Particularly, the Bcl-2 family is the most characteristic protein family involved in regulating apoptotic cell death. It...