Category: Lung Cancer

LC-2 is a First-in-Class PROTAC-Based KRAS G12C Degrader

KRAS gene is one of the most frequently mutated oncogenes in cancer. KRAS encodes a small, membrane-bound GTPase that relays signals from receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). It promotes cell proliferation, cell differentiation, or cell survival. In normal cells, KRAS functions as a molecular switch, cycling between an inactive, GDP-bound “off” state and...

Rineterkib is an Orally Active RAF and ERK1/2 Inhibitor

ERK1 and ERK2 are related protein-serine/threonine kinases that participate in the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK signal transduction cascade. This cascade participates in the regulation of a large variety of processes. It includes cell adhesion, cell cycle progression, cell migration, cell survival, differentiation, metabolism, proliferation, and transcription. MEK1/2 catalyze the phosphorylation of human...

Olafertinib is a Third-Generation EGFR TKI

Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is any type of epithelial lung cancer other than small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). NSCLC patients with activating EGFR mutations initially respond to first-generation EGFR inhibitors. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane glycoprotein with an extracellular epidermal growth factor binding domain and an intracellular...

DBPR112 is an Orally Active EGFR (both WT and Mutant) Inhibitor

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a transmembrane protein, is a receptor of EGF family members of extracellular protein ligands. Specifically, EGFR expresses at elevated levels in different forms of cancer and is usually positively relevant to cancer progression and adverse prognosis. Different mutant forms of this protein also contribute...

TPP-1 is a Potent Inhibitor of the PD-1/PD-L1 Interaction

PD-L1 is expressed in many types of cancers. And its high expression in tumor cells or presence in TME can be indicative of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). Blockade of PD-1/PD-L1 can strengthen the function of effector T cells. Blockade of PD-1/PD-L1 can strengthen the function of effector T cells. Additionally,...

IMT1 is a First-in-Class Specific and Noncompetitive Human POLRMT Inhibitor

Mitochondria provide cellular energy through its oxidative phosphorylation system, which needs to coordinate the expression of genes encoded by nuclear and mitochondrial genomes (mtDNA). Specifically, the transcription of mtDNA in circular mammals depends on a single mitochondrial RNA polymerase (POLRMT). Besides, three proteins are required for mitochondrial transcription initiation:...

CXD101 is a Selective and Orally Active Class I HDAC Inhibitor

Aberrant expression of classical HDACs associates with a variety of malignancies, including solid and hematological tumors. HDACs have also been found broadly dysregulated in multiple myeloma (MM). In particular, the mechanisms that HDACs regulate tumorigenesis are quite diverse. HDACs induce a range of cellular and molecular effects through the...