Tag: ERK

Balixafortide is a Selective and Well-Tolerated Peptidic CXCR4 Antagonist

Despite the introduction of new targeted therapies and cytotoxic agents, chemotherapy-pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC) remains an essentially incurable disease with only moderate median overall survival (OS). over 20 human tumor types overexpress C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4). CXCR4 levels correlate with aggressive metastatic phenotypes and negative prognosis...

JBJ-04-125-02 is a Mutant-Selective and Orally Active EGFR Inhibitor

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane receptor protein in humans. The discovery of activating mutations in EGFR detected in 10% to 30% of patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In addition, it has revolutionized the treatment of this disease. Until recently, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), including...

JTE-013 is a Specific S1P2 Antagonist in Neuroblastoma

Sphingosine-1-phosphate ( S1P ), the bioactive sphingolipid metabolite, is a critical regulator of many physiological and pathophysiological processes, including cancer, atherosclerosis, diabetes and osteoporosis. S1P and its receptors (S1P1-5) play critical roles in many pathologic processes, including cancer. S1P/sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor (S1PR) axis plays critical role in a wide variety...

FR 180204 is an ATP-competitive and Selective ERK Inhibitor

An extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is a serine/threonine-protein kinase of the mitogen-activated protein kinase superfamily. Selective inhibition of ERK represents a potential approach for the treatment of cancer and other diseases. Simultaneous targeting of multiple effectors such as RAF, MEK, and ERK offers the potential for enhanced efficacy while...

Ravoxertinib is an Orally Active and Highly Selective ERK1/2 Inhibitor

The RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK (MAPK) signal transduction pathway has attracted significant interest as a therapeutic target for cancer. ERK1/2 phosphorylates more than 50 downstream substrates responsible for cell growth, proliferation, survival, angiogenesis, and differentiation. Small molecule inhibitors of BRAF and MEK have shown promising activities in a variety of solid tumors...