Tag: MAPK

Rineterkib is an Orally Active RAF and ERK1/2 Inhibitor

ERK1 and ERK2 are related protein-serine/threonine kinases that participate in the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK signal transduction cascade. This cascade participates in the regulation of a large variety of processes. It includes cell adhesion, cell cycle progression, cell migration, cell survival, differentiation, metabolism, proliferation, and transcription. MEK1/2 catalyze the phosphorylation of human...

IACS-13909 is a Selective and Orally Active SHP2 Inhibitor

Src homology 2 domain-containing phosphatase (SHP2) is a phosphatase that mediates signaling downstream of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases. SHP2 suppresses signaling through the MAPK pathway. Furthermore, SHP2 inhibition has demonstrated tumor growth inhibition in receptor tyrosine kinases-activated cancers. In this study, researchers report the discovery of IACS-13909. IACS-13909 is...

APS6-45, an Orally Active Tumor-Calibrated Inhibitor, Inhibits RAS/MAPK Signaling

Medullary thyroid cancer is a form of thyroid carcinoma which originates from the parafollicular cells, which produce the hormone calcitonin. Synthetic tailoring of approved drugs for new indications is often difficult, as the most appropriate targets may not be readily apparent and therefore few roadmaps exist to guide chemistry....

CAY10404 is a Highly Selective COX-2 Inhibitor

Clooxygenase (COX) is an enzyme responsible for the formation of prostaglandins from arachidonic acid, including thromboxanes and prostaglandins. Specifically, it is a member of the animal heme peroxidase family, also known as prostaglandin G/H synthase. Besides, cyclooxygenase-2 is a candidate gene for lung injury induced by mechanical ventilation. COX-2...

BCI-215 is a Tumor Cell-Selective DUSP-MKP Inhibitor

Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatases (MKPs) belongs to the dual-specificity phosphatase (DUSP) family. DUSP-MKPs dephosphorylate and inactivate the MAPKs extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), JNK/SAPK, and p38 on tyrosine and threonine residues. As a result, they result in regulating the duration and amplitude of mitogenic and survival signaling. There exists a ...

SPP-86 is a Potent and Selective Inhibitor of RET Tyrosine Kinase

The REarranged during Transfection (RET) receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) regulates key aspects of cellular proliferation and survival by regulating the activity of the mitogen- activated protein kinase (MAPK) and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways. The RET tyrosine kinase receptor has emerged as a target in thyroid and endocrine resistant breast cancer....