Tag: Apoptosis

Epothilone B is a Microtubule Stabilizer

Microtubules are polymers of tubulin, which is one of several members of a small family of globular proteins. The tubulin superfamily includes five distinct families, the α-, β-, γ-, δ-, and ε-tubulins and a sixth family which is present only in kinetoplastid protozoa. The most common members α-tubulin and...

Nimbolide Induces Apoptosis through Inactivation of NF-κB

The transcription factor NF-κB is a nuclear factor that binds to the enhancer element of the immunoglobulin kappa light-chain of activated B cells. NF-κB exsists in nearly all cell types and regulates many target genes with a whole variety of functions. There are five members of the NF-κB family:...

Monastrol is a Potent Inhibitor of the Mitotic Kinesin Eg5

Kinesin, a member of microtubule-associated proteins, plays an important role in spindle assembly and chromosome movements during cell division. The kinesin motor protein family consists of 14 distinct subclasses and 45 kinesin proteins in humans. Kinesin uses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to move along the surface of, or...

Chelerythrine is a Potent Protein kinase C Inhibitor

Chelerythrine is a natural benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloid. It extracts from a number of plant species, such as Chelidonium majus, Macleaya cordata, Sanguinaria canadensis, etc. This compound exerts a wide spectrum of biological activities, including anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, anti-fungus, as well as a protective effect against the ethanol-induced gastric ulcer and the...

HM43239 is an Orally Active and Selective FLT3 Inhibitor

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common acute leukemia in adults, with an incidence of over 20 000 cases per year in the United States alone. Large chromosomal translocations, as well as mutations in the genes involved in hematopoietic proliferation and differentiation, result in the accumulation of poorly...

ML-099 is a pan Ras-Related GTPases Activator

To date, we identified 167 small GTPases in humans which are key signal transducing enzymes. Small GTPases comprise five main families whose eponymous members are Ras, Rho, Rab, ADP-ribosylation factor (Arf) and Ran. Small GTPases link extracellular cues to the neuronal responses required for the construction of neuronal networks,...