Tag: Apoptosis

Targapremir-210, a Selective miR-210 Inhibitor, Targets the Dicer Site in Pre-miR-210

Hypoxia is a non-physiological level of oxygen tension, a phenomenon common in a majority of malignant tumors. Hypoxia associates with tumor progression, resistance to therapy, and metastasis in cancer. Numerous pathways play critical roles in cancer maintenance, including noncoding RNAs such as microRNA (miR)-210 that regulates hypoxia-inducible factors. In...

GSK621 is a Specific AMPK Activator, Inducing Autophagy and Apoptosis

AMPK is an enzyme, which plays a role in cell energy homeostasis. It mainly activates glucose and fatty acid uptake and oxidation when the cell energy is low. Specifically, AMPK is a major regulator of cell metabolism, which can exert its carcinogenic or antitumor activities. Besides, the activation of...

HLI373 is an Efficacious Hdm2 Inhibitor, with Antimalarial Activity

Hdm2 is an ubiquitin-protein ligase. Hdm2 suppresses the transcriptional activity of the tumor suppressor p53 and promotes its degradation. HLI373 is an efficacious Hdm2 inhibitor. HLI373 is effective in inducing apoptosis of several tumor cell lines that are sensitive to DNA-damaging agents. These results suggest that HLI373 could serve...

XMU-MP-3 is a Potent Non-Covalent BTK Inhibitor and Induces Apoptosis

BTK, a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase member of the Tec kinase family, plays a significant role in B-cell development. BTK is a unique therapeutic target in B-cell malignancies. XMU-MP-3, a noncovalent inhibitor with potent BTK inhibitory. XMU-MP-3 suppresses BTK kinase activity both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, XMU-MP-3...

RA-9 is a Selective Proteasome-Associated DUBs Inhibitor

The ubiquitin-proteasome-system (UPS) is responsible for most of the intracellular protein degradation in eukaryotes. UPS consists of three components: the proteasomes, the ubiquitin conjugating system, and the deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs). DUBs deconjugate ubiquitin from targeted proteins and this step is essential for protein degradation. The de-ubiquitination is required for...

XZ739 is a PROTAC BCL-XL Degrader

PROTAC is an emerging therapeutic modality. PROTAC is a feasible solution to reduce platelet toxicity associated with BCL-XL inhibition. BCL-XL plays a key role in tumorigenesis and cancer chemotherapy resistance. As a result, BCL-XL is an attractive target for cancer treatment. Specifically, XZ739 is a CRBN-dependent BCL-XL degrader. XZ739,...

AZA1 is a Potent Dual Inhibitor of Rac1 and Cdc42

Prostate cancer is the leading cause of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men. Rho GTPases such as Rac, Cdc42, and RhoA are signaling proteins. They regulate cytoskeleton organization, cell cycle progression, cell survival, and migration directly contributing to tumor growth and progression. Cdc42 additionally...